The effects of lyophilization on the stability of liposomes containing 5-FU
The effects of lyophilization on the stability of liposomes containing 5-FU
March 2005
By: Glavas-Dodov M, Fredro-Kumbaradzi E, Goracinova K, Simonoska M, Calis S, Trajkovic-Jolevska S, Hincal AA - Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, The Sv. Kiril and Metodij University, Vodnjanska 17, Skopje, Macedonia
Multilamellar liposomes containing 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) were prepared by modified lipid film hydration method and were lyophilized with or without saccharose as cryoprotectant. The effect of lyophilization on the stability of liposomes was evaluated by comparing the vesicle size, encapsulation efficiency and the drug release rate before and after lyophilization/rehydration. The process of lyophilization, without cryoprotectant, resulted in particle size increase and significant content leakage. By the addition of saccharose, the lipid bilayers become more stable and less permeable to the encapsulated drug, saccharose imparted 5-FU retention of about 80% after lyophilization/rehydration. Freeze-drying did not affect the particle size of liposomes containing saccharose as cryoprotectant. The drug release profiles of rehydrated liposomes followed Higuchi's square root model. Also, the obtained release profiles were all biphasic: a rapid initial drug release phase (burst release of the portion of the drug that leaked out of liposomes during the lyophilization) was followed by a slower, approximately constant drug release phase (zero-order kinetics).
PMID: 15707734 [PubMed - in process]
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