Solid-state NMR studies of pharmaceutical solids in polymer matrices
Solid-state NMR studies of pharmaceutical solids in polymer matrices
March 2004
Joseph W. Lubach1, Brian E. Padden1, 2, Stephanie L. Winslow1, Jonathon S. Salsbury1, 3, David B. Masters1, 4, Elizabeth M. Topp1 and Eric J. Munson1
(1) Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Kansas, 2095 Constant Ave, Lawrence, KS 66047, USA
(2) Present address: Schering-Plough Research Institute, 2000 Galloping Hill Road, Kenilworth, NJ 07033, USA
(3) Present address: Albany Molecular Research, 21 Corporate Circle, Albany, NY 12212, USA
(4) Present address: Gel-Del Technologies, 1479 Gortner Ave., Suite 240, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry Volume 378, Number 6
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Biodegradable drug-delivery systems can be formulated to release drug for hours to years and have been used for the controlled release of medications in animals and humans. An important consideration in developing a drug-delivery matrix is knowledge of the long-term stability of the form of the drug and matrix after formulation and any changes that might occur to the drug throughout the delivery process. Solid-state NMR spectroscopy is an effective technique for studying the state of both the drug and the matrix. Two systems that have been studied using solid-state NMR spectroscopy are presented. The first system studied involved bupivacaine, a local anesthetic compound, which was incorporated into microspheres composed of tristearin and encapsulated using a solid protein matrix. Solid-state 13C NMR spectroscopy was used to investigate the solid forms of bupivacaine in their bulk form or as incorporated into the tristearin/protein matrix. Bupivacaine free base and bupivacaine-HCl have very different solid-state NMR spectra, indicating that the molecules of these compounds pack in different crystal forms. In the tristearin matrix, the drug form could be determined at levels as low as 1:100 (w/w), and the form of bupivacaine was identified upon loading into the tristearin/protein matrix. In the second case, the possibility of using solid-state 13C NMR spectroscopy to characterize biomolecules lyophilized within polymer matrices is evaluated by studying uniformly 13C-labeled asparagine (Asn) in 1:250 (w/w) formulations with poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). This work shows the capability of solid-state NMR spectroscopy to study interactions between the amino acid and the polymer matrix for synthetic peptides and peptidomimetics containing selective 13C labeling at the Asn residue.
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