Effect of fluorescent labeling of ?-lactoglobulin on film and interfacial properties in relation to confocal fluorescence microscopy

Effect of fluorescent labeling of ?-lactoglobulin on film and interfacial properties in relation to confocal fluorescence microscopy
Engineering Village 2
? 2006 Elsevier Inc
Accession number: 8948333

Title: Effect of fluorescent labeling of ?-lactoglobulin on film and interfacial properties in relation to confocal fluorescence microscopy

Authors: Kolodziejczyk, E.1 ; Petkova, V.; Benattar, J.-J.; Leser, M.E.; Michel, M.

Author affiliation: 1 Nestle Res. Center Lausanne, Nestec Ltd., Lausanne, Switzerland

Serial title: Colloids and Surfaces A (Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects)

Abbreviated serial title: Colloids Surf. A, Physicochem. Eng. Aspects (Netherlands)

Volume: 279

Issue: 1-3

Publication date: 15 May 2006

Pages: 159-66

Language: English

ISSN: 0927-7757


Document type: Journal article (JA)

Publisher: Elsevier

Country of publication: Netherlands

Material Identity Number: B055-2006-006

Abstract: When using fluorescence microscopy for the investigation of ?-lactoglobulin (BLG) stabilized thin liquid films and monolayers, it is necessary to label the protein sample with a fluorescent dye. In the present study, we discuss the effect of labeling ?-lactoglobulin with either Rhodamine iso-thiocyanate (RITC) or Fluorescein iso-thiocyanate (FITC) on the BLG properties at the air-water interface and in thin films. RITC and FITC are the two most frequently used dyes in fluorescence microscopy. Two different Rhodamine concentrations were used, namely the concentration conventionally used in fluorescence microscopy, and a two times higher Rhodamine concentration. Interfacial tension and rheology measurements, and thin film investigations using X-ray reflectivity or the diminishing bubble method showed that the labeling procedure of the ?-lactoglobulin using Rhodamine at the lowest concentration does not change the viscoelastic properties of the air-water interface, as well as the film thickness and gas permeability. However, when taking the higher Rhodamine concentration the films are thicker and more permeable for gas. Similarly, Fluorescein at a concentration equivalent to the highest concentration of Rhodamine induced also a modification of the protein film properties. However, the labeling did not influence the BLG monolayer viscoelastic characteristics. Labeling ?-lactoglobulin with Rhodamine allows now using confocal fluorescence microscopy (CSLM) for the elucidation of structure formation in thin films and at water-air surfaces. As an example, images from thin films as formed in the diminishing bubble experiment and stabilized with labeled BLG show that the formed BLG aggregates are highly surface active, i.e., enriched at the water-air interface. The obtained images reveal that the aggregates are also present in the film. In general, CSLM combined with the diminishing bubble method seems to be an excellent experimental set-up to visualize the distribution of labeled components throughout a thin film and its adjacent monolayers. This is not possible using the diminishing bubble method in combination with conventional microscopy. [All rights reserved Elsevier]

Number of references: 12

Inspec controlled terms: biomechanics - dyes - fluorescence - liquid films - molecular biophysics - monolayers - optical microscopy - permeability - proteins - rheology - surface tension - viscoelasticity - X-ray reflection

Uncontrolled terms: fluorescent labeling - ?-lactoglobulin - confocal fluorescence microscopy - thin liquid films - monolayers - protein - fluorescent dye - Rhodamine iso-thiocyanate - Fluorescein iso-thiocyanate - RITC - FITC - air-water interface - interfacial tension - rheology - X-ray reflectivity - diminishing bubble method - viscoelasticity - film thickness - gas permeability - aggregates

Inspec classification codes: A8715M Interactions with radiations at the biomolecular level - A8715B Biomolecular structure, configuration, conformation, and active sites - A8745 Biomechanics, biorheology, biological fluid dynamics - A3350D Molecular fluorescence and phosphorescence spectra

Treatment: Practical (PRA); Experimental (EXP)

Discipline: Physics (A)

DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2005.12.055

Database: Inspec

Copyright 2006, The Institution of Engineering and Technology
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