Development of Liposomal Amphotericin B Dry Powder Inhaler Formulation
Development of Liposomal Amphotericin B Dry Powder Inhaler Formulation
S. Shah1; Ambikanandan Misra1
Drug Delivery, 2004, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 247-253(7)
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The purpose of our study was to prepare and optimize liposomal Amphotericin B (AMB) dry powder inhaler (DPI) formulation for treatment of invasive lung fungal infection. Liposomes were prepared by reverse phase evaporation technique using ethyl acetate and ethanol (1:1) as organic solvents to avoid a possible risk for human health and to impart adequate stability of the vesicles. Drug lipid ratio was 1:10 with membrane composition of hydrogenated soyaphosphatidylcholine; cholesterol and either saturated soyaphosphatidylglycerol (7:3:0.5) or stearylamine (1:1:0.1) was used to prepare negatively (AMB1) and positively (AMB2) charged liposomes, respectively. Liposomes were extruded through 2 mgrm polycarbonate membrane, separated from unentrapped drug and subjected to lyophilization using Tris buffer containing cryoprotectants in various mass ratios. Sucrose was found to be the best cryoprotectant for liposomal AMB in a mass ratio of lipid: sucrose at 1:5 for AMB1 and AMB2, respectively. Sorbolac 400 and sieved Pharmatose 325 M (500#) in varying mass ratios were used as carriers to prepare the liposomal DPI formulations and subjected to determination of angle of repose, compressibility index, dispersibility index, water content, scanning electron microscopy, and fine particle fraction (FPF). Carrier blend of Sorbolac 400 and 10% sieved Pharmatose 325 M (liposome: carrier ratio to be 1:6) resulted in 22.6 ? 2.2% and 16.8 ? 2.2% FPF for AMB1 and AMB2, respectively with significantly different (p > .05) device fraction. Percent dug retention studies were conducted at different storage conditions and demonstrated a shelf life over 1 year at refrigerated storage condition (2?8?C).
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